Dr Nils Melzer
Dr. Nils Melzer is Legal Adviser for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and holds a PhD in law of the University of Zürich (summa cum laude). He has been responsible for the ICRC's expert process aimed at clarifying international humanitarian law relating to the issue of civilian participation in hostilities (2003-2009) and, among other duties, has recently taken over the responsibility for the ICRC Legal Division's activities in connection with private military and security companies (PMSC). He has also served the ICRC as an Operational Legal Adviser for the Middle East and Africa (2002-2004), and as a Field Delegate in the Balkans and the Middle East (1999-2002). Before joining the ICRC, Nils Melzer was a Judicial Clerk at the District Court of Meilen, Zürich, and was later promoted to the position of Judicial Secretary within the Court. Dr. Melzer is specialized on issues of targeting and the use of force in police, counter-terrorism and military operations and has authored several works, including his recent book "Targeted Killing in International Law" (Oxford University Press, 2008) and the ICRC's "Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities under International Humanitarian Law" (ICRC, 2009). Dr. Melzer also lectures Master courses at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights.