|Click for video footage, courtesy NATO Channel.
The decision to establish the NTM-A was taken by heads of state at the Strasbourg-Kehl Summit in April 2009. The mission was formally activated on 21 November 2009. NTM-A supports the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and United States Forces – Afghanistan (USFOR-A) to enable accountable, Afghanistan led security not later than 31 December 2014.
NTM-A brings together efforts to train the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) with the aim of increasing coherence and effectiveness among all contributors.
NTM-A's key tasks include:
· The development of the ANSF through mentor and partnership programs including the vertical integration required to assist the Afghans in recruiting, training, fielding, and developing these units.
· Support to the ANSF including the building of an Afghan institutional training base for the Afghan National Army (ANA), the Afghan National Police (ANP) and the Aghan Air Force (AAF) and coordinating international efforts to train, equip and sustain these forces.
Additionally, NTM-A works in close cooperation with the Afghan government and G8 partners for ANSF development to field and sustain a professional Army, synchronize Police Reform at the district level, and execute NATO's ANA Trust Fund (for ANA), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (for ANP), and other financial conduits for the International Community to support the long-term sustainment of the ANSF.
Ultimately, NATO is preparing the ANSF to progressively increase responsibility for their internal security of the Afghans' security, province by province, with international forces in decreasing role.
International Security Contribution
There are 38 troop contributing nations to NTM-A, with the addition of Bosnia-Herzegovina. As of 2 April 2012, 2,774 trainers are required, 1,912 personnel are in place, confirmed pledges are 426 with 436 remaining to be filled.
Logistics, MI-17, C-27, and Intelligence trainers remain the highest priority.
NTM-A command relationships
Commander NTM-A reports to the commander of ISAF. Commander NTM-A focuses on:
Supporting the ISAF and USFOR-A campaign through the Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan;
Support to ISAF Joint Command in the generation and sustainment the Afghanistan National Security Force (ANSF);
Support of the ANSF through the development of Afghan leaders; and,
Support of the Ministry of Defence (MoD) and the Ministry of Interior (MoI) by building enduring capability.
Funds and Resources
Fiscal year 2012 = $11.2 Billion (pre Intl / Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan / NATO Contribution)
ANA (training, equipment, sustainment, infrastructure) =~$6.6 Billion
ANP (training, equipment, sustainment, infrastructure) =~$4.6 Billion
Inbound equipment until March 2012:
Reducing Sustainment Costs
We are conducting an Operational Requirements (Tashkil) Review, moving to a New Sustainment Strategy vice a Recapitalization Program and tailoring the ANSF equipping needs to the way they are employed operationally. This allowed us to reduce long term sustainment costs in Fiscal Year 2013 by $1.8 Billion.
Literacy training is 100% mandatory. An average 9 of 10 recruits are illiterate and innumerate; the national literacy rate is about 28%.
$68 Million invested in the program; $200 Million over 5 years. It costs about $30 per student per month to learn to read and write at Functional Literacy Level 1 (64 hours of training), and about $42.00 per student per month to learn to read and write at Functional Literacy Level 3 (312 hours of training).
As of 1 Apr 12, 119,707 ANSF are in literacy training. The program employs nearly 2,800 Afghan teachers in 1,551 classrooms teaching about 4,100 classes in all provinces teaching to Functional Literacy Level 3. Functional Literacy Level 3 is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate, compute and use printed and written materials associated with varying contexts.