The Joint Regional Detachment West (JRD-W), led by an Italian Commander, and the Joint Regional Detachment Center (JRD-C) led by a Swedish Commander, merged into one Unit which will now be led by an Italian Commander, Colonel Antonio PELLONE.
Today’s Multinational Battle Groups
A Battle Group is a military organization at the level of a battalion, consisting of numerous companies. These companies are highly mobile, flexible and rapidly deployable to potential trouble spots all over Kosovo. There are two MNBGs, which constitute KFOR and are ready to react to any threatening situation:
HQ MNBG East, located at Camp Bondsteel;
HQ MNBG West, located at Camp Villagio Italia;
JRD N, located at Camp Novo Selo;
JRD C, located at Camp Film City;
- JRD S, located at Camp Prizren;
HQ KFOR continues to be located at Camp Film City and there are twelve other Camps to accommodate the companies of KFOR. In addition to the KFOR troops in Kosovo, NATO continues to maintain a reserve force ready to deploy if necessary and required.
KFOR comes under a single chain of command, under the authority of Commander KFOR (COMKFOR). COMKFOR reports to the Commander of Joint Force Command Naples (COM JFCN), Italy. The current COMKFOR is Major General Salvatore FARINA, Italian Army. He assumed command of the Kosovo Force on 7 September 2013.
Originally, KFOR was formed by four Multinational Brigades (MNB East, MNB Center, MNB Northeast, MNB Southwest) and from June 2006, by five Multinational Task Forces (MNTF): Multinational Task Force (MNTF) Centre based in Lipljan; MNTF North based in Novo Selo; MNTF South based in Prizren; MNTF West based in Pec; and MNTF East based in Urosevac.
KFOR’s transition from Brigades to Task Forces was aimed at improving the effectiveness of the forces and their ability to operate flexibly throughout Kosovo without restriction. In addition, it placed more emphasis on intelligence-led operations, with MNTFs working closely with both the local police and the local population to gather information.
In February 2010, KFOR was restructured and the five Multinational Task Forces, which had been in place since June 2006, were succeeded by mission-tailored Multinational Battle Groups (MNBGs).
- MNBG North;
- MNBG South;
- MNNG East;
- MNBG West; and
- MNBG Centre, which also covered the KFOR Headquarters in Pristina.
These operated until October 2010 when the present configuration was put into place.